Group Discussion means a group of individuals with similar interest who gather, either formally or informally, to discuss a topic or bring up some ideas or solve problems or give comments.

There are two types of group discussions:-


In such group discussions, one should have good knowledge about the topic, should be thorough with facts and figures and with current economic indicators plus with worldly knowledge. These types consist of Factual topics, Controversial topics, Abstract topics.

  • Factual GDs– These consist of socio-economic topics which deal with day-to-day life. These include basically practical things which have been in news lately or recently. These types of GDs help a candidate to prove his/her knowledge towards the topic or to show that he/she is sensitive towards the environment.

For example:- Education system of India, Tourism of a country, Environmental problems of the world, Reasons behind melting of glaciers, etc.

  • Controversial GDs– These are such topics which are argumentative in nature and create controversy. Usually when these topics are given, candidate tends to be aggressive. With such topics, candidate is checked on his/her maturity level i.e. how rationally and logically he/she puts forward his/her point of view without getting emotional and personal.

For example:- Women Empowerment is limited to debates only, God- myth or reality, A college becomes a university when its teachers lose interest in teaching, etc.

  • Abstract topics– These are topics where the meaning is not defined clearly. These include intangible things. Such topics test your lateral thinking and creativity.

For example:- Men are from Mars and Women are from Venus, Grass is greener on the other side of the fence, Every Cloud has a silver lining, etc.


These are such types where they simulate real life situations. The instructor narrates the entire case with certain instructions. Information is provided, participants are to study the case, analyze it and resolve it. In a case study, there are no incorrect or correct answers because the points put forward are a person’s perception and one cannot go against someone’s perception. The objective is to analyze the case from different angles. Case studies are of two types- verbal and written case studies.

  • Verbal case studies– In such case studies, instructor narrates the case and the group is supposed to note it down in a detailed form.
  • Written case studies– In such case studies, the case is written and the group is suggested to re-read it again and again because the solution is hidden in the case itself.

 For example:- Case of Muttuswamy, Case on Managerial Dilemma, Case on Moral Dilemma, Article based case studies, etc.

Kashf Khan

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